Title: Tool manipulation knowledge is retrieved by way of the ventral visual object processing pathway
Authors: Almeida, Jorge 
Fintzi, Anat R. 
Mahon, Bradford Z. 
Keywords: Object recognition;Visual pathways;Dorsal stream;Ventral stream;fMRI;Subcortical pathways;Parvocellular pathway;Koniocellular pathway
Issue Date: Oct-2013
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: ALMEIDA, Jorge; FINTZI, Anat R.; MAHON, Bradford Z. - Tool manipulation knowledge is retrieved by way of the ventral visual object processing pathway. "Cortex". ISSN 0010-9452. Vol. 49 Nº. 9 (2013) p. 2334-2344
Abstract: Using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI), we find that object manipulation knowledge is accessed by way of the ventral object processing pathway. We exploit the fact that parvocellular channels project to the ventral but not the dorsal stream, and show that increased neural responses for tool stimuli are observed in the inferior parietal lobule when those stimuli are visible only to the ventral object processing stream. In a control condition, tool-preferences were observed in a superior and posterior parietal region for stimuli titrated so as to be visible by the dorsal visual pathway. Functional connectivity analyses confirm the dissociation between sub-regions of parietal cortex according to whether their principal afferent input is via the ventral or dorsal visual pathway. These results challenge the ‘Embodied Hypothesis of Tool Recognition’, according to which tool identification critically depends on simulation of object manipulation knowledge. Instead, these data indicate that retrieval of object-associated manipulation knowledge is contingent on accessing the identity of the object, a process that is subserved by the ventral visual pathway.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/27487
ISSN: 0010-9452
DOI: 10.1016/j.cortex.2013.05.004
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FPCEUC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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