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Title: Can we induce spermatogenesis in the domestic cat using an in vitro tissue culture approach?
Authors: Silva, Andreia F. 
Escada-Rebelo, Sara 
Amaral, Sandra 
Santos Tavares, Renata 
Schlatt, Stefan
Ramalho-Santos, João 
Mota, Paula C. 
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Project: PTDC/CVT/119477/2010 
SFRH/BPD/110160/ 2015 
UID/NEU/ 04539/2013 
Volume: 13
Issue: 2
Abstract: The reduced number of animals in most wild felid populations implies a loss of genetic diversity. The death of juveniles, prior to the production of mature sperm, represents a loss of potential genetic contribution to future populations. Since 2011 mouse testicular organ culture has introduced an alternative mechanism to produce sperm in vitro from immature tissue. However, extension of this technology to other species has remained limited. We have used the domestic cat (Felis catus) as a model for wild felids to investigate spermatogenesis initiation and regulation, with the mouse serving as a control species. Testicular tissue fragments were cultured in control medium or medium supplemented with knockout serum replacement (KSR), AlbuMax, beta-estradiol or AlbuMax plus beta-estradiol. Contrary to expectations, and unlike results obtained in mouse controls, no germ cell differentiation could be detected. The only germ cells observed after six weeks of culture were spermatogonia regardless of the initial stage of tubule development in the donor tissue. Moreover, the number of spermatogonia decreased with time in culture in all media tested, especially in the medium supplemented with KSR, while AlbuMax had a slight protective effect. The combination of AlbuMax and beta-estradiol led to an increase in the area occupied by seminiferous tubules, and thus to an increase in total number of spermatogonial cells. Considering all the media combinations tested the stimulus for felid germ cell differentiation in this type of system seems to be different from the mouse. Studies using other triggers of differentiation and tissue survival factors should be performed to pursue this technology for the genetic diversity preservation in wild felids.
ISSN: 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191912
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:IIIUC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D CNC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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