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Title: The Maritime Sector and Its Problematic Decarbonization: A Systematic Review of the Contribution of Alternative Fuels
Authors: Santos, Vinicius Andrade dos 
Silva, Patrícia Pereira da 
Serrano, Luís Manuel Ventura 
Keywords: low carbon fuels; greenhouse gases; maritime transportation; systematic review
Issue Date: 2022
Project: PD/BD/142848/2018 
T4ENERTEC (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-029820) 
Energy for Sustainability Initiative of the University of Coimbra. 
Serial title, monograph or event: Energies
Volume: 15
Issue: 10
Abstract: The present study seeks to select the most important articles and reviews from the Web of Science database that approached alternative fuels towards the decarbonization of the maritime sector. Through a systematic review methodology, a combination of keywords and manual refining found a contribution of 103 works worldwide, the European continent accounting for 57% of all publications. Twenty-two types of fuels were cited by the authors, liquefied natural gas (LNG), hydrogen, and biodiesel contributing to 49% of the mentions. Greenhouse gases, sulfur oxide, nitrogen oxide, and particulate matter reductions are some of the main advantages of cleaner sources if used by the vessels. Nevertheless, there is a lack of practical research on new standards, engine performance, cost, and regulations from the academy to direct more stakeholders towards low carbon intensity in the shipping sector.
ISSN: 1996-1073
DOI: 10.3390/en15103571
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CIEPQPF - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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