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Title: Mitochondrial function is differentially affected upon oxidative stress
Authors: Cardoso, Sandra Morais 
Pereira, Cláudia 
Oliveira, Catarina Resende 
Keywords: Lipid peroxidation; Synaptosomes; Free radicals; Mitochondria respiratory chain; Antioxidants
Issue Date: 1999
Citation: Free Radical Biology and Medicine. 26:1-2 (1999) 3-13
Abstract: The mechanisms that lead to mitochondrial damage under oxidative stress conditions were examined in synaptosomes treated with ascorbate/iron. A loss of membrane integrity, evaluated by electron microscopy and by LDH leakage, was observed in peroxidized synaptosomes and it was prevented by pre-incubation with vitamin E (150 [mu]M) and idebenone (50 [mu]M). ATP levels decreased, in synaptosomes exposed to ascorbate/iron, as compared to controls. NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase (Cx I) and cytochrome c oxidase (Cx IV) activities were unchanged after ascorbate/iron treatment, whereas succinate-ubiquinone oxidoreductase (Cx II), ubiquinol cytochrome c reductase (Cx III) and ATP-synthase (Cx V) activities were reduced by 55%, 40%, and 55%, respectively. The decrease of complex II and ATP-synthase activities was prevented by reduced glutathione (GSH), whereas the other antioxidants tested (vitamin E and idebenone) were ineffective. However, vitamin E, idebenone and GSH prevented the reduction of complex III activity observed in synaptosomes treated with ascorbate/iron. GSH protective effect suggests that the oxidation of protein SH-groups is involved in the inhibition of complexes II, III and V activity, whereas vitamin E and idebenone protection suggests that membrane lipid peroxidation is also involved in the reduction of complex III activity. These results may indicate that the inhibition of the mitochondrial respiratory chain enzymatic complexes, that are differentially affected by oxidative stress, can be recovered by specific antioxidants.
DOI: 10.1016/S0891-5849(98)00205-6
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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