Title: Factors associated with quality of life in middle-aged and older patients living with HIV
Authors: Monteiro, Fabiana 
Canavarro, Maria Cristina 
Pereira, Marco 
Keywords: Adolescent;Adult;Aged;Cross-Sectional Studies;Depression;Fatigue;Female;HIV Infections;Humans;Male;Middle Aged;Portugal;Prevalence;Prospective Studies;Psychiatric Status Rating Scales;Quality of Life;Sleep Wake Disorders;Social Support;Socioeconomic Factors;Surveys and Questionnaires;Young Adult;Age Factors
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: HIV infection has been historically considered a disease of young adults; however, adults aged 50 years and older represent now an increasing proportion of HIV cases worldwide, including in Portugal. In this context, given the considerable burden associated with living with HIV, the topic of quality-of-life (QoL) assessment has become increasingly relevant. The aims of this study were to examine the age-related differences in QoL and depressive symptoms of younger and middle-aged and older adults with HIV as well as the sociodemographic, HIV-related and depressive symptoms (cognitive-affective and somatic) associated with QoL domains. The sample consisted of 1194 HIV-infected patients, recruited from 10 Portuguese hospitals. QoL data were collected using the WHOQOL-HIV-Bref questionnaire. Patients also completed the Beck Depression Inventory. Of the 1194 patients, 185 (15.5%) were over 50 years old. Middle-aged and older patients reported significantly lower QoL in the physical, independence and social relationships domains. Regarding the specific facets of QoL, middle-aged and older patients reported significantly lower scores in seven of the 29 specific facets of the WHOQOL-HIV-Bref and higher scores in one facet (financial resources). Overall, among middle-aged and older patients, higher education, being employed, a shorter time since HIV diagnosis, use of combination anti-retroviral therapy and fewer depressive symptoms were significantly associated with higher QoL ratings. Our findings suggest that both cognitive-affective and somatic depressive symptoms account for significant variability in QoL scores in middle-aged and older patients. Because an important feature of healthy ageing is maintaining QoL, these data may provide useful information for tailoring age-appropriate and effective interventions to improve the mental health and QoL of middle-aged and older patients living with HIV.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/45399
Other Identifiers: 10.1080/09540121.2016.1146209
DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2016.1146209
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FPCEUC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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