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Title: New steroidal 17b-carboxy derivatives present anti-5a-reductase activity and anti-proliferative effects in a human androgen-responsive prostate cancer cell line
Authors: Amaral, Cristina 
Varela, Carla 
Correia-da-Silva, Georgina 
Silva, Elisário Tavares da 
Carvalho, R. A. 
Costa, Saul C. P. 
Cunha, Sara C. 
Fernandes, José O. 
Teixeira, Natércia 
Roleira, Fernanda M. F. 
Keywords: Prostate cancer; Benign prostate hyperplasia; Steroidal 5a-reductase inhibitors; Finasteride; LNCaP cells
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Elsevier Masson SAS
Serial title, monograph or event: Biochimie
Volume: 95
Issue: 11
Abstract: The androgens testosterone (T) and dihydrotestosterone (DHT), besides playing an important role in prostate development and growth, are also responsible for the development and progression of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer. Therefore, the actions of these hormones can be antagonized by preventing the irreversible conversion of T into DHT by inhibiting 5a-reductase (5a-R). This has been a useful therapeutic approach for the referred diseases and can be achieved by using 5areductase inhibitors (RIs). Steroidal RIs, finasteride and dutasteride, are used in clinic for BPH treatment and were also proposed for chemoprevention of prostate cancer. Nevertheless, due to the increase in bone and muscle loss, impotency and occurrence of high-grade prostate tumours, it is important to seek for other potent and specific molecules with lower side effects. In the present work, we designed and synthesized steroids with the 3-keto-D4 moiety in the A-ring, as in the 5a-R substrate T, and with carboxamide, carboxyester or carboxylic acid functions at the C-17b position. The inhibitory 5a-R activity, in human prostate microsomes, as well as the anti-proliferative effects of the most potent compounds, in a human androgen-responsive prostate cancer cell line (LNCaP cells), were investigated. Our results showed that steroids 3, 4 and 5 are good RIs, which suggest that C-17b lipophylic amides favour 5a-R inhibition. Moreover, these steroids induce a decrease in cell viability of stimulated LNCaP cells, in a 5a-R dependent-manner, similarly to finasteride.
DOI: 10.1016/j.biochi.2013.07.023
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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