Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/25298
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dc.contributor.authorGuerra, Alexandra-
dc.contributor.authorLeite, Nuno-
dc.contributor.authorMarques, João Carlos-
dc.contributor.authorFord, Alex T.-
dc.contributor.authorMartins, Irene-
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-06T12:58:12Z-
dc.date.available2014-03-06T12:58:12Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10316/25298-
dc.description.abstractUnderstanding the environmental parameters that constrain the distribution of a species at its latitudinal extremes is critical for predicting how ecosystems react to climate change. Our first aimwas to predict the variation in the amphipod populations of Echinogammarus marinus from the southernmost limit of its distribution under global warming scenarios. Our second aim was to test whether sex-ratio fluctuations – a mechanism frequently displayed by amphipods – respond to the variations in populations under altered climate conditions. To achieve these aims, scenarios were run with a validated model of E. marinus populations. Simulations were divided into: phase I — simulation of the effect of climate change on amphipod populations, and phase II — simulation of the effect of climate change on populations with male and female proportions. In both phases, temperature (T), salinity (S) and temperature and salinity (T–S) were tested. Results showed that E. marinus populations are highly sensitive to increases in temperature (N2 °C), which has adverse effects on amphipod recruitment and growth. Results from the climate change scenarios coupled with the sex-ratio fluctuations depended largely on the degree of female biaswithin population. Temperature increase of 2 °C had less impact on female-biased populations, particularly when conjugated with increases in salinity. Male-biased populationswere highly sensitive to any variation in temperature and/or salinity; these populations exhibited a long-term decline in density. Simulations in which temperature increased more than 4 °C led to a continuous decline in the E.marinus population. According to this work, E. marinus populations at their southernmost limit are vulnerable to global warming. We anticipate that in Europe, temperature increases of 2 °Cwill incite a withdrawal of the population of 5°N from the amphipod species located at southernmost geographical borders. This effect is discussed in relation to the distribution of E. marinus along the Atlantic coast.por
dc.description.sponsorshipThe present study was carried using financial support from R&D research projects 3M-RECITAL (LTER/BIA-BEC/0019/2009), INPACTAR (PTDC/MAR/111537/2009), and CIÊNCIA 2007 (FCT, QREN, COMPETE). This study was also subsidized by the European Social Fund and the MCTES national funds, and through the POPH (Human Potential Operational Programme) — NSRF (National Strategic Reference Framework– 4.4.)por
dc.language.isoengpor
dc.publisherElsevier B.V.por
dc.rightsopenAccesspor
dc.subjectAmphipodspor
dc.subjectExtreme limitpor
dc.subjectClimate changepor
dc.subjectSex-ratiopor
dc.subjectFemale-biasedpor
dc.subjectResiliencepor
dc.titlePredicting the variation in Echinogammarus marinus at its southernmost limits under global warming scenarios: Can the sex-ratio make a difference?por
dc.typearticlepor
degois.publication.firstPage1022por
degois.publication.lastPage1029por
degois.publication.issue466-467por
degois.publication.titleScience of the Total Environmentpor
dc.relation.publisherversionhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969713008863por
dc.peerreviewedYespor
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.07.102-
item.fulltextCom Texto completo-
item.grantfulltextopen-
item.languageiso639-1en-
crisitem.author.deptFaculty of Sciences and Technology-
crisitem.author.parentdeptUniversity of Coimbra-
crisitem.author.researchunitMARE - Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0001-8865-8189-
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
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