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Title: Multiphasic action of glucose and alpha-ketoisocaproic acid on the cytosolic pH of pancreatic beta-cells. Evidence for an acidification pathway linked to the stimulation of Ca2+ influx
Authors: Salgado, António P. 
Silva, Amélia M. 
Santos, Rosa M. 
Rosário, Luís M. 
Issue Date: 12-Apr-1996
Publisher: The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Citation: The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 271:15 (1996) 8738-8746
Abstract: Glucose stimulation raises the pHi of pancreatic beta-cells, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. We have now investigated the acute effects of metabolizable (glucose and the mitochondrial substrate alpha-ketoisocaproic acid, KIC) and nonmetabolizable (high K+ and the K-ATP channel blocker tolbutamide) insulin secretagogues on the pHi of pancreatic beta-cells isolated from normal mice, as assessed by BCECF fluorescence from single cells or islets in the presence of external bicarbonate. The typical acute effect of glucose (22-30 mM) on the pHi was a fast alkalinization of approximately 0.11 unit, followed by a slower acidification. The relative expression of the alkalinizing and acidifying components was variable, with some cells and islets displaying a predominant alkalinization, others a predominant acidification, and others yet a mixed combination of the two. The initial alkalinization preceded the [Ca2+]i rise associated with the activation of voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels. There was a significant overlap between the glucose-evoked [Ca2+]i rise and the development of the secondary acidification. Depolarization with 30 mM K+ and tolbutamide evoked pronounced [Ca2+]i rises and concomitant cytosolic acidifications. Blocking glucose-induced Ca2+ influx (with 0 Ca2+, nifedipine, or the K-ATP channel agonist diazoxide) suppressed the secondary acidification while having variable effects (potentiation or slight attenuation) on the initial alkalinization. KIC exerted glucose-like effects on the pHi and [Ca2+]i, but the amplitude of the initial alkalinization was about twice as large for KIC relative to glucose. It is concluded that the acute effect of glucose on the pHi of pancreatic beta-cells is biphasic. While the initial cytosolic alkalinization is an immediate consequence of the activation of H+-consuming metabolic steps in the mitochondria, the secondary acidification appears to originate from enhanced Ca2+ turnover in the cytoplasm. The degree of coupling between glucose metabolism and Ca2+ influx as well as the relative efficacies of these processes determines whether the acute pHi response of a beta-cell (or of a tightly coupled multicellular system such as an islet of Langerhans) is predominantly an alkalinization, an acidification, or a mixed proportion of the two
ISSN: 0021-9258
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.271.15.8738
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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