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Title: Three reasons why parental burnout is more prevalent in individualistic countries: a mediation study in 36 countries
Authors: Roskam, Isabelle
Aguiar, Joyce
Akgun, Ege
Arena, Andrew F.
Arikan, Gizem
Aunola, Kaisa
Besson, Eliane
Beyers, Wim
Boujut, Emilie
Brianda, Maria Elena
Brytek-Matera, Anna
Budak, A. Meltem
Carbonneau, Noémie
César, Filipa
Chen, Bin-Bin
Dorard, Géraldine
Dos Santos Elias, Luciana Carla
Dunsmuir, Sandra
Egorova, Natalia
Favez, Nicolas
Fontaine, Anne-Marie
Foran, Heather
Fricke, Julia
Furutani, Kaichiro
Gannagé, Myrna
Gaspar, Maria 
Godbout, Lucie
Goldenberg, Amit
Gross, James J.
Gurza, Maria Ancuta
Helmy, Mai
Huynh, Mai Trang
Kawamoto, Taishi
Lazarevic, Ljiljana B.
Le Vigouroux, Sarah
Lebert-Charron, Astrid
Leme, Vanessa
MacCann, Carolyn
Manrique-Millones, Denisse
Matias, Marisa
Miranda-Orrego, María Isabel
Miscioscia, Marina
Morgades-Bamba, Clara
Mousavi, Seyyedeh Fatemeh
Muntean, Ana
Olderbak, Sally
Osman, Fatumo
Oyarce-Cadiz, Daniela
Pérez-Díaz, Pablo A.
Petrides, Konstantinos V.
Pineda-Marin, Claudia
Prikhidko, Alena
Ricci, Ricardo T.
Salinas-Quiroz, Fernando
Sarrionandia, Ainize
Scola, Céline
Simonelli, Alessandra
Cabrera, Paola Silva
Soenens, Bart
Sorbring, Emma
Sorkkila, Matilda
Schrooyen, Charlotte
Stănculescu, Elena
Starchenkova, Elena
Szczygiel, Dorota
Tapia, Javier
Tri, Thi Minh Thuy
Tremblay, Mélissa
van Bakel, Hedwig
Verhofstadt, Lesley
Wendland, Jaqueline
Yotanyamaneewong, Saengduean
Mikolajczak, Moïra
Keywords: Exhaustion; Culture; Individualism; Mothers; Fathers
Issue Date: Apr-2024
Publisher: Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag
Project: Coordinated Research Grant from the Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles in Belgium (ARC Grant n°19/24-100) 
Serial title, monograph or event: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Volume: 59
Issue: 4
Abstract: Purpose The prevalence of parental burnout, a condition that has severe consequences for both parents and children, varies dramatically across countries and is highest in Western countries characterized by high individualism. Method In this study, we examined the mediators of the relationship between individualism measured at the country level and parental burnout measured at the individual level in 36 countries (16,059 parents). Results The results revealed three mediating mechanisms, that is, self-discrepancies between socially prescribed and actual parental selves, high agency and self-directed socialization goals, and low parental task sharing, by which individualism leads to an increased risk of burnout among parents. Conclusion The results confirm that the three mediators under consideration are all involved, and that mediation was higher for self-discrepancies between socially prescribed and actual parental selves, then parental task sharing, and lastly selfdirected socialization goals. The results provide some important indications of how to prevent parental burnout at the societal level in Western countries.
ISSN: 0933-7954
DOI: 10.1007/s00127-023-02487-z
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FPCEUC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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