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Title: Maternal adjustment to the birth of a child: Primiparity versus multiparity
Authors: Gameiro, Sofia 
Moura-Ramos, Mariana 
Canavarro, Maria Cristina 
Keywords: Motherhood; Psychological adjustment; Parity
Issue Date: Aug-2009
Publisher: Routledge
Citation: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology. 27:3 (2009) 269-286
Abstract: Introduction: The literature has highlighted the birth of a first child as a crisis moment that implies change and reorganisation. None the less, the specificities of maternal adjustment to the birth of another child are not yet completely known. Goals: To understand differences in adjusting to the birth of a child, in primiparous and multiparous mothers. Specifically: (1) identify and describe differences in adjusting at two different moments: 2-5 days after the birth and 8 months post-partum; (2) identify and describe differences or continuities among primiparous and multiparous mothers regarding the temporal evolution of adjustment. Method: 179 mothers (98 primiparous; 81 multiparous) were assessed in two different periods: 2-5 days after the birth and 8 months later, concerning adjustment and need for reorganisation. The assessment protocol included a social-demographic data file, the Emotional Assessment Scale, the Brief Symptom Inventory, the Perceived Stress Scale, and adjectival scales. Results: Primiparous mothers report greater adjustment difficulties right after the birth. Multiparous mothers show a less positive adjustment trajectory, mainly reflected in increasing levels of negative emotional reactivity. Conclusion: Results support the existence of different adjustment trajectories for primiparous and multiparous mothers, suggesting the need for differentiated psychological intervention strategies regarding each group.
ISSN: 0264-6838
DOI: 10.1080/02646830802350898
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FPCEUC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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