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Title: Student-Athletes' Motivation and Identity: Variation Among Brazilian and Portuguese University Student-Athletes
Authors: Quinaud, Ricardo T.
Fernandes, Ana 
Carvalho, Humberto M.
Gonçalves, C. E. 
Keywords: Sports; Multilevel regression and poststratification; University; Questionnaires; Psychometric; Motivation; Identity
Issue Date: 6-Dec-2019
Publisher: SAGE
Serial title, monograph or event: Psychological Reports
Volume: 123
Issue: 5
Abstract: This study examined the variation of student-athletes’ identity and motivation across Portuguese and Brazilian universities, accounting for variation in gender, studentathletes’ training hours per week, sports level, student-athletes status within each university, and university type. We initially established the validity of the Baller Identity Measurement Scale questionnaire and the Student-Athletes’ Motivation toward Sports and Academics Questionnaire-based observations among 441 Brazilian and Portuguese student-athletes. Then, the validated version of the questionnaires was applied to a total sample of 765 student-athletes from Brazil (n¼ 568) and Portugal (n ¼ 197). We further considered individual (hours of training and student-athlete status) and contextual characteristics (university type and country). Multilevel regression and poststratification were used to estimate each studentathlete identity and motivation as a function of his or her individual and contextual characteristics. Overall, the predictions showed that cultural (country), academic (type of university), and athletic (training hours) context likely have a substantial influence on student-athletes’ identity and motivation.
ISSN: 0033-2941
DOI: 10.1177/0033294119892885
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCDEF - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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