Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/96721
Title: The “damned of inclusion”, or the normalization of the discourses and social processes of criminalisation of young adults in Portugal: a complex set of social, legal and criminal disruptions
Authors: Branco, Patrícia 
Pedroso, João 
Keywords: Young adults; Processes of criminalization; Judicial response; Disruptions; Portugal; Adultos jóvenes; Procesos de criminalización; Respuesta judicial; Rupturas; Portugal
Issue Date: 30-Nov-2021
Publisher: Oñati International Institute for the Sociology of Law
Project: CEECIND/00126/2017 
Serial title, monograph or event: Oñati Socio-Legal Series
Issue: First Online
Place of publication or event: Gipuzkoa
Abstract: Portugal, with circa 10 million inhabitants, has almost 800 young people, aged 16-24 years, serving prison sentences. The majority comes from low-income families living in sensitive urban areas of Lisbon and Oporto, with low levels of education, and many are Afro-Portuguese or come from African Portuguese-speaking countries. These young people are thus identified with the neighbourhoods where they live, portrayed as violent and problematic. The narratives from the actors of the justice system we interviewed suggest that such depiction results from a set of plural disruptions – social, legal, and institutional – leading to the selectivity and criminalisation of this group of young people. We thus call them the “damned of inclusion” since the plurality of exclusions affecting them hasn’t been addressed holistically by the social inclusion programs created in the last decades. Since these young men are “caught under the radar”, there seems to be a criminal reaction from the law, the judicial practices and the prison system – which turns into a normalizing response.
Portugal, con cerca de 10 millones de habitantes, tiene casi 800 jóvenes, de edades entre 16 y 24 años, cumpliendo sentencias de prisión. La mayoría son de familias de bajos ingresos que residen en áreas urbanas sensibles de Lisboa y Oporto, con bajos niveles educativos. Muchos son afroportugueses u originarios de países lusoparlantes de África. Esos jóvenes son identificados, entonces, con los barrios donde viven, retratados como violentos y problemáticos. Las narrativas de los actores que entrevistamos del sistema judicial hacen pensar que dicha descripción resulta de un conjunto de rupturas plurales –sociales, jurídicas e institucionales– conducentes a la selección y criminalización de ese grupo de jóvenes. Así, los denominamos los “malditos de la integración”, ya que los programas de integración social de las últimas décadas no se han ocupado holísticamente de la pluralidad de exclusiones que los afectan. Dado que esos jóvenes pasan inadvertidos, parece haber una reacción penal por parte del derecho, las prácticas judiciales y el sistema de prisiones, lo cual se convierte en una respuesta normalizadora.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/96721
ISSN: 2079-5971
DOI: 10.35295/osls.iisl/0000-0000-0000-1235
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CES - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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