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Title: Global homogenization of the structure and function in the soil microbiome of urban greenspaces
Authors: Delgado-Baquerizo, Manuel 
Eldridge, David J. 
Liu, Yu-Rong
Sokoya, Blessing
Wang, Jun-Tao
Hu, Hang-Wei
He, Ji-Zheng
Bastida, Felipe
Moreno, José L
Bamigboye, Adebola R
Blanco-Pastor, José L
Cano-Díaz, Concha
Illán, Javier G
Makhalanyane, Thulani P
Siebe, Christina
Trivedi, Pankaj
Zaady, Eli
Verma, Jay Prakash
Wang, Ling
Wang, Jianyong
Grebenc, Tine
Peñaloza-Bojacá, Gabriel F
Nahberger, Tina U
Teixido, Alberto L
Zhou, Xin-Quan
Berdugo, Miguel
Durán, Jorge
Rodríguez, Alexandra
Zhou, Xiaobing
Alfaro, Fernando
Abades, Sebastian
Plaza, Cesar
Rey, Ana
Singh, Brajesh K
Tedersoo, Leho
Fierer, Noah
Issue Date: Jul-2021
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Project: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/IF/00950/2014 
Serial title, monograph or event: Science Advances
Volume: 7
Issue: 28
Abstract: The structure and function of the soil microbiome of urban greenspaces remain largely undetermined. We conducted a global field survey in urban greenspaces and neighboring natural ecosystems across 56 cities from six continents, and found that urban soils are important hotspots for soil bacterial, protist and functional gene diversity, but support highly homogenized microbial communities worldwide. Urban greenspaces had a greater proportion of fast-growing bacteria, algae, amoebae, and fungal pathogens, but a lower proportion of ectomycorrhizal fungi than natural ecosystems. These urban ecosystems also showed higher proportions of genes associated with human pathogens, greenhouse gas emissions, faster nutrient cycling, and more intense abiotic stress than natural environments. City affluence, management practices, and climate were fundamental drivers of urban soil communities. Our work paves the way toward a more comprehensive global-scale perspective on urban greenspaces, which is integral to managing the health of these ecosystems and the well-being of human populations.
ISSN: 2375-2548
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abg5809
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CFE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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