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Title: A review of the energy implications of passive building design and active measures under climate change in the Middle East
Authors: Fereidani, Nazanin Azimi
Rodrigues, Eugénio 
Gaspar, Adélio Rodrigues 
Keywords: Climate change; Built-environment; Hot-climate; Cooling passive measures; Photovoltaic systems; Middle East
Issue Date: 17-Apr-2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Project: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/837089/EU/SUSTAINABLE ENERGY TRANSITIONS LABORATORY 
Serial title, monograph or event: Journal of Cleaner Production
Abstract: As buildings consume fossil fuel-based energy, they contribute to greenhouse gas emissions which raise global temperatures. Buildings will then require more energy for cooling to guarantee indoor thermal comfort, thus creating a positive loop between cause and effect. In the Middle East, this is particularly harmful to the environment because it increases the cooling demand in countries with an energy grid based on fossil fuel. By reviewing the latest scientific contributions, this paper analyzes different passive and active design measures, gathers mitigation and adaptation strategies, and identifies the main barriers. Due to an economy based on an energy mix of low-tariff fossil fuel, Middle East countries lag in adopting clean energy systems and energy-efficient solutions. In conclusion, there is great potential in using passive design, efficient air conditioning systems, and integrating renewable energy in buildings.
ISSN: 0959-6526
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127152
Rights: embargoedAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Eng.Mecânica - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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