Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/91102
Title: Franco Basaglia: biografia de um revolucionário
Other Titles: Franco Basaglia: biography of a revolutionary
Authors: Serapioni, Mauro 
Keywords: Manicômio; Reforma psiquiátrica; Saúde mental; Linhas abissais; Itália; Asylum; Psychiatric reform; Mental health; Abyssal lines; Italy
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Project: CEECIND/00885/2017/CP1402/CT0002 
Serial title, monograph or event: História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos
Volume: 26
Issue: 4
Place of publication or event: Rio de Janeiro
Abstract: 1978-2018: 40 anos da aprovação da lei 180 (Lei Basaglia), que decretou o encerramento dos hospitais psiquiátricos italianos (com quase cem mil internados), principal alvo da longa e incansável luta de Franco Basaglia, que dedicou a vida inteira ao combate da violência das instituições totais e, em particular, do manicômio. O presente artigo propõe-se a refletir sobre a trajetória humana, intelectual e profissional de Basaglia, realçando suas críticas contra o atraso das clínicas universitárias, seu interesse pela dimensão terapêutica do cuidado (Binswanger e Minkowski), sua aproximação da filosofia europeia mais aberta à complexidade do ser humano (Husserl, Jaspers, Merleau-Ponty e Sartre) e seu encontro com a perspectiva histórica (Foucault), sociológica (Goffman) e anti-institucional (Fanon) da doença mental.
1978-2018: 40 years since the passing of the Basaglia law, which decreed the closure of psychiatric hospitals in Italy (where almost hundred thousand were confined), the primary goal of Franco Basaglia in his lifelong struggle against the violence of total institutions and, in particular, mental asylums. This article offers a reflection on the human, intellectual, and professional trajectory of Basaglia, highlighting his criticisms of the backwardness of university clinics, his interest in the therapeutic dimension of care (Binswanger and Minkowski), the influence on his thinking of European philosophy more open to the complexity of the human being (Husserl, Jaspers, Merleau-Ponty, and Sartre), and his encounter with historical (Foucault), sociological (Goffman), and anti-institutional (Fanon) perspectives on mental health.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/91102
ISSN: 1678-4758
0104-5970
DOI: 10.1590/s0104-59702019000400008
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CES - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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