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Title: First in vivo MRI assessment of a self-assembled metallostar compound endowed with a remarkable high field relaxivity
Authors: Livramento, J. B. 
Weidensteiner, C. 
Prata, M. I. M. 
Allegrini, P. R. 
Geraldes, C. F. G. C. 
Helm, L. 
Kneuer, R. 
Merbach, A. E. 
Santos, A. C. 
Schmidt, P. 
Toth, E. 
Issue Date: 2006
Citation: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging. 1:1 (2006) 30-39
Abstract: {Fe[Gd2bpy(DTTA)2(H2O)4]3}4- is a self-assembled, metallostar-structured potential MRI contrast agent, with six efficiently relaxing Gd3+ centres confined into a small molecular space. Its proton relaxivity is particularly remarkable at very high magnetic fields (r1 = 15.8 mM-1 s-1 at 200 MHz, 37°C, in H2O). Here we report the first in vivo MRI feasibility study, complemented with dynamic gamma scintigraphic imaging and biodistribution experiments using the 153Sm-enriched compound. Comparative MRI studies have been performed at 4.7 T in mice with the metallostar and the small molecular weight contrast agent gadolinium(III)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetate ([Gd(DOTA)(H2O)]- = GdDOTA). The metallostar was well tolerated by the animals at the concentrations of 0.0500 (high dose) and 0.0125 (low dose) mmol Gd kg-1 body weight; (BW). The signal enhancement in the inversion recovery fast low angle shot (IR FLASH) images after the high-dose metallostar injection was considerably higher than after GdDOTA injection (0.1 mmol Gd kg-1 BW), despite the higher dose of the latter. The high-dose metallostar injection resulted in a greater drop in the spin-lattice relaxation time (T1), as calculated from the inversion recovery true fast imaging with steady-state precession (IR TrueFISP) data for various tissues, than the GdDOTA or the low dose metallostar injection. In summary, these studies have confirmed that the approximately four times higher relaxivity measured in vitro for the metallostar is retained under in vivo conditions. The pharmacokinetics of the metallostar was found to be similar to that of GdDOTA, involving fast renal clearance, a leakage to the extracellular space in the muscle tissue and no leakage to the brain. As expected on the basis of its moderate molecular weight, the metallostar does not function as a blood pool agent. The dynamic gamma scintigraphic studies performed in Wistar rats with the metallostar compound having 153Sm enrichment also proved the renal elimination pathway. The biodistribution experiments are in full accordance with the MR and scintigraphic imaging. At 15 min post-injection the activity is primarily localized in the urine, while at 24 h post-injection almost all radioactivity is cleared from tissues and organs. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
DOI: 10.1002/cmmi.92
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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