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Title: Pulmonary function after laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the elderly
Authors: Milheiro, A. 
Sousa, F. Castro 
Oliveira, L. 
Matos, M. João 
Issue Date: 1996
Citation: British Journal of Surgery. 83:8 (1996) 1059-1061
Abstract: The results of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a group of 52 patients older than 69 years (group 1) were compared with the results of the same operation in a group of 338 younger patients (group 2). In group 1, 23 per cent of patients had acute cholecystitis and 13 per cent were operated on after an episode of acute pancreatitis. In group 2, 8 per cent of patients had acute cholecystitis and 4 per cent were operated on after acute pancreatitis. Pulmonary function was assessed prospectively before operation, 24 h after surgery and on the seventh day after operation, in 20 patients in group 1 and 30 in group 2. In group 1 there was one death (2 per cent); the morbidity rate was 14 per cent and conversion to laparotomy was required in 15 per cent. In group 2 there were no deaths, the morbidity rate was 11 per cent and the conversion rate 4 per cent. No significant differences were found between the two groups in mortality and morbidity rates. Preoperative values of forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) were significantly lower in group 1 than in group 2 (P < 0.05); the values of FVC, FEV1 and forced expiratory flow at 50 per cent 24 h after surgery were less depressed in group 1 (P < 0.01) and also recovered more quickly in these patients 7 days after operation. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy gives excellent results in geriatric patients and can be recommended as the treatment of choice for symptomatic cholelithiasis in the elderly.
DOI: 10.1002/bjs.1800830808
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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