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Title: Optimization of a thermal energy storage system provided with an adsorption module – A GenOpt application in a TRNSYS/MATLAB model
Authors: Fernandes, M. S. 
Gaspar, A. R. 
Costa, V. A. F. 
Costa, J. J. 
Brites, G. J. V. N. 
Keywords: Thermal energy storage; Domestic hot water; Adsorption; Silica-gel/water pair; Numerical simulation; Optimization
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Project: Ren4EEnIEQ (PTDC/EMS-ENE/3238/2014, POCI-01-0145-FEDER-016760, LISBOA-01-0145-FEDER-016760) 
Serial title, monograph or event: Energy Conversion and Management
Volume: 162
Abstract: The optimization and assessment study of a thermal energy adsorption storage system is presented. The system integrates an adsorption heat storage module in a conventional hot water storage tank of a solar thermal system, operating with the silica-gel/water adsorption pair. The system was modeled using TRNSYS® and MATLAB®, and was previously assessed and improved through a set of parametric tests for each main component. In this work, the GenOpt® optimization software was used to obtain the optimal performance of the whole system. It is found that a slender and lengthy adsorber with a large number of thin fins, a thick and lengthy condenser, and an evaporator with a large number of lengthy tubes improve the system’s performance, by increasing the heat transfer areas and the adsorbent mass. The performance also improves by controlling the adsorber-condenser valve only through the system’s pressure and opening the evaporator-adsorber valve at the hot water setpoint temperature. The optimized system presents a 16% saving in annual backup energy consumption compared with a similar conventional storage system, thus validating the results of the previous segregated parametric study. This optimized system operates at the highest performance with the same configuration in different locations/climates, as only the inclination of the solar collector affects the results: larger inclinations improve the system’s performance, by favoring its operation in Winter. Results present this system as a promising solution to increase the energy storage capacity of solar thermal systems, and potentially of systems using other primary energy sources.
ISSN: 0196-8904
DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2018.02.027
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Eng.Mecânica - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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