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Title: The earliest Pleistocene archaeological sites in western Iberia: Present evidence and research prospects
Authors: Oosterbeck, L. 
Grimaldi, S. 
Rosina, P. 
Cura, S. 
Cunha, P. P. 
Martins, A. A. 
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Project: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/5876-PPCDTI/71361/PT/Transition landscapes: Settlement, Technology and Chrono-Stratigraphy of the transition to farming, in Central Portugal. 
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/POCI/58120/PT/Fluvial Terraces, references to evaluate the fluvial incision and crustal uplift in central Portugal (western Iberia) 
Serial title, monograph or event: Quaternary International
Volume: 223-224
Abstract: Archaeological evidence for the earliest human presence in western Iberia is summarised and discussed. Western Iberia is geologically characterised by magmatic and metamorphic rocks (Hesperian Massif) but also by siliciclastic and carbonate Mesozoic and Cenozoic formations. The geological context affects the distribution of Pleistocene archaeological sites, as the most of the archaeological evidence known today is located in river terrace formations or in karst deposits. Very few sites have been fully investigated; the older ones are tentatively dated as middle/late Middle Pleistocene. Recent results have been obtained using an archaeological and geomorphological approach carried out in the Portuguese region of Alto Ribatejo. Dating of the lithic assemblages found in fluvial terraces or in cave deposits indicates that the first human presence in Portugal is not older than the OIS 8–9. However, it remains difficult to explain the long chronological gap between the archaeological evidences in western Iberia and the older sites in central and eastern Iberia, such as those in the Sierra de Atapuerca and Guadix Baxa areas.
DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2010.01.024
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D MARE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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