Title: Factorial analysis optimization of a Diltiazem kinetic spectrophotometric quantification method
Authors: Leitão, João M. M. 
Silva, Joaquim C. G. Esteves da 
Keywords: Antihypertensor Diltiazem;UV-Vis spectroscopy;Kinetic method;Optimization;Experimental design methodologies
Issue Date: 2008
Citation: Analytica Chimica Acta. 609:1 (2008) 1-12
Abstract: A Diltiazem kinetic spectrophotometric method was optimized by factorial analysis. The experimental method is based on a two-stage reaction of Diltiazem with hydroxylamine and a ferric salt: in the first stage there is a hydroxamic acid formation; and, in the second stage there is a red colour complex ferric hydroxamate formation. The variables under investigation were: solvent; hydroxylamine, sodium hydroxide and ammonium ferric sulphate concentrations; volume of perchloric acid; and, temperature. The responses of the reactional system were the maximum absorbance, the wavelength and the reaction time at maximum absorbance. Experimental design methodologies were used in the optimization. Fractional and full factorial designs followed by optimization Box-Behnken and central composite experimental designs were used. The observed optimum conditions were: methanol as reaction solvent; hydroxylamine concentration of 9.375%; sodium hydroxide concentration of 18.750%; ferric reagent concentration of 2.000%; minimum volume of perchloric acid to neutralize the sodium hydroxide; and, room temperature as reaction temperature. With this set of experimental conditions a reaction time of 10.5 s with maximum colour development at 512 nm wavelength was achieved.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/5844
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FFUC- Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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