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Title: Synthetic oligonucleotides: AFM characterisation and electroanalytical studies
Authors: Brett, A. M. Oliveira 
Paquim, A. M. Chiorcea 
Diculescu, V. 
Oretskaya, T. S. 
Keywords: DNA biosensor; Hybridisation; Adsorption; Non-specific adsorption
Issue Date: 2005
Citation: Bioelectrochemistry. 67:2 (2005) 181-190
Abstract: One of the most important steps in designing more sensitive and stable DNA based biosensors is the immobilisation procedure of the nucleic acid probes on the transducer surface, while maintaining their conformational flexibility. MAC Mode AFM images in air demonstrated that the oligonucleotide sequences adsorb spontaneously on the electrode surface, showing the existence of pores in the adsorbed layer that reveal big parts of the electrode surface, which enables non-specific adsorption of other molecules on the uncovered areas. The electrostatic immobilisation onto a glassy carbon electrode followed by hybridisation with a complementary sequence and control with a non-complementary sequence was studied using differential pulse voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Changes in the oxidation currents of guanosine and adenosine were observed after hybridisation events as well as after control experiments. Modification of the double layer capacitance that took place after hybridisation or control experiments showed that non-specific adsorption of complementary or non-complementary sequences occur allowing the formation of a mixed multilayer.
DOI: 10.1016/j.bioelechem.2004.06.008
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Química - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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