Title: Energy and CO2 intensity changes in the EU-27: Decomposition into explanatory effects
Authors: Cruz, Luís 
Dias, José 
Keywords: CO2 Intensity; Decomposition Analysis; Decoupling; Energy Intensity; Sustainability
Issue Date: Oct-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Sustainability has traditionally focused on three interconnected and mutually enforcing pillars: economy, ecology and society. One of today’s major challenges is to tune environmental sustainability with economic growth and welfare by decoupling resources use and environmental degradation from economic growth. This work aims to assess energy-economy-environment interactions, analyzing energy and CO2 emission intensity. This is done through a comparative examination of their recent trends in the EU-27 countries, from 1999 to 2009, both by assessing resource and impact decoupling, and through the decomposition of the overall rates of change into their main explanatory effects. One of this work’s major contributions is the derivation of policy implications from the assessment of the main driving forces behind energy and CO2 intensity, with a greater geographical and temporal focus than prior studies. The results show that, overall, the EU-27 economies reduced total energy use by moving into less energy-intensive structures and improving sectoral energy efficiency, in spite of the adverse results of the activity effect. Regarding CO2 emissions, the EU-27 decreased these by moving to less carbon-intensive structures and by improving the sectoral energy efficiency, the energy-mix and the emission-factor.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/48298
ISSN: 2210-6707
DOI: 10.1016/j.scs.2016.03.007
Rights: embargoedAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CeBER - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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AM_Sustainable Cities and Society_LC_JD_2016.pdfCruz, L.; Dias, J. (2016) “Energy and CO2 intensity changes in the EU-27: decomposition into explanatory effects”, Sustainable Cities and Society, 26, 486-495 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2016.03.007)592.72 kBAdobe PDFView/Open    Request a copy
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