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Title: Transfection of oral cancer cells mediated by transferrin-associated lipoplexes: Mechanisms of cell death induced by herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase/ganciclovir therapy
Authors: Neves, Sílvia S. 
Sarmento-Ribeiro, Ana B. 
Simões, Sérgio P. 
Pedroso de Lima, Maria C. 
Keywords: HSV-tk/GCV suicide gene therapy; Oral carcinoma; Transferrin-associated lipoplexes; Bystander effect; Apoptosis
Issue Date: 2006
Citation: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes. 1758:11 (2006) 1703-1712
Abstract: The Herpes Simplex Virus thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) suicide gene/ganciclovir (GCV) approach has been used for the treatment of a variety of cancers. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the cytotoxic effect of ganciclovir in oral squamous cancer cells, previously transfected with HSV-tk gene delivered by transferrin-associated complexes (Tf-lipoplexes), as well as to investigate the mechanisms involved in the bystander effect and in the process of cell death. The delivery of HSV-tk gene to the oral cancer cells, HSC-3 and SCC-7, mediated by Tf-lipoplexes followed by ganciclovir treatment resulted in essentially 100% cytotoxicity, the observed toxic effect being dependent both on GCV dose and incubation time. Cell death was shown to occur mainly by an apoptotic process. Different experimental approaches demonstrated that the observed cytotoxicity was mainly due to diffusion of the toxic agent into neighbouring, non-transfected cells, via gap junctions. Preliminary in vivo studies in a murine model for oral squamous cell carcinoma have shown a significant inhibition of tumor growth upon injection of Tf-lipoplexes carrying HSV-tk followed by intraperitonal injection of GCV, as compared to controls.
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2006.08.021
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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