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Title: Study on the influence of work-hardening modeling in springback prediction
Authors: Oliveira, M. C. 
Alves, J. L. 
Chaparro, B. M. 
Menezes, L. F. 
Keywords: B. Constitutive behavior; B. Residual stress; B. Elastoplastic material; C. Finite elements
Issue Date: 2007
Citation: International Journal of Plasticity. 23:3 (2007) 516-543
Abstract: The main goal of this study is to evaluate the influence of work-hardening modeling in springback prediction in the first phase of the Numisheet'05 "Benchmark 3": the U-shape "Channel Draw". Several work-hardening constitutive models are used in order to allow the different materials' mechanical behavior to be better described: the Swift law (a power law) or a Voce type saturation law to describe the classical isotropic work-hardening; a Lemaître and Chaboche type law to model the non-linear kinematic hardening, which can be combined with the previous two; and Teodosiu's microstructural work-hardening model. This analysis was carried out using two steels currently used in the automotive industry: mild (DC06) and dual phase (DP600). Haddadi et al. [Haddadi, H., Bouvier, S., Banu, M., Maier, C., Teodosiu, C., 2006. Towards an accurate description of the anisotropic behaviour of sheet metals under large plastic deformations: Modelling, numerical analysis and identification. Int. J. Plasticity 22 (12), 2226-2271] performed the mechanical characterization of these steels, as well as the identification of the constitutive parameters of each work-hardening model, based on an appropriate set of experimental data such as uniaxial tensile tests, monotonic and Bauschinger simple shear tests and orthogonal strain-path change tests, all at various orientations with respect to the rolling direction of the sheet. All the simulations were carried out with the in-house FE code DD3IMP. The selected sheet metal formed component induces high levels of equivalent plastic strain. However, for the several work-hardening models tested, the differences in springback prediction are not significantly higher than those previously reported for components with lower equivalent plastic strain levels. It is shown that these differences can be related to the predicted through-thickness stress gradients. The comparative significance of both equivalent plastic strain levels and strain-path changes in the through-thickness stress gradients is discussed.
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Eng.Mecânica - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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