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Title: The moral and political dimension of economics: the fact-value dichotomy
Authors: Almeida, Vasco 
Keywords: Economics; Political economy; Fact-value dichotomy
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Lodz University Press
Serial title, monograph or event: Annales. Ethics in Economic Life
Volume: 19
Issue: 4
Place of publication or event: Lodz
Abstract: Since the neoclassical school, the separation between facts and values, is and ought, positive and normative, has become a concern in conventional economic analyses. Economics should focus on facts, and present general principles, leaving the choice of various technical alternatives to policy makers. This article addresses the following questions: can economics, seen as a positive science, be separated from the political dimension? Is it possible to separate facts from values or are they necessarily intertwined?After showing how the separation between economics and moral philosophy unfolded throughout the history of economic thought, the article analyses the factvalue dichotomy discussion and concludes that facts and values are necessarily intertwined. Then, the article shows that the premises and theories of conventional economic theories contain hidden values, despite being presented as universal truths on which policies are based, and thus fail to discuss the various perspectives of the problems.Reviving a tradition commenced by Aristotle, the article concludes by arguing that economics is necessarily moral and political. However, the acknowledgement of the normative nature of economics cannot compromise the pursuit of objectivity.
ISSN: 1899-2226
Other Identifiers: 10.18778/1899-2226.19.4.01
DOI: 10.18778/1899-2226.19.4.01
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CES - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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