Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/41674
Title: Unemployment and gender equality within the family in Portugal
Other Titles: Desemprego e Igualdade de Género na Família em Portugal
Authors: Coelho, Lina 
Ribeiro, Raquel 
Valente, Alexandra Ferreira 
Keywords: Domestic work; Unemployment; Household chores; Gender inequality
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: APEM
Keywords: Domestic work; Unemployment; Household chores; Gender inequality
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: APEM
Project: This article was written within the scope of the project «FINFAM – Finances, Gender and Power: how are Portuguese families managing their finances in the context of the crisis?" (PTDC/IVC-SOC/4823/2012 – FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-029372), financed by ERDF funds through the Operational Programme Factors of Competitiveness (COMPETE) and by national funds through the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT). 
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/COMPETE/131881/PT 
FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-029372 
Abstract: This paper analyses the impact of unemployment on the gender division of household work. A sample of 643 dual full-time employed couples and 160 with an unemployed partner was considered. Variance analysis and chi-square tests were performed to analyse the differential impact of the spouses’ employment status on the time devoted to domestic and parental work and on the division of household chores among partners. Results show that male unemployment increases men’s participation in domestic work only on weekdays while female unemployment constrains women into domestic activities both on week and weekend days. Gender patterns of task division also showed to relate significantly to partners’ employment status.
O artigo analisa o impacto do desemprego na divisão sexual do trabalho familiar. Foi utilizada uma amostra de 643 casais com duplo emprego a tempo completo e 160 com um parceiro desempregado. Recorreu-se a análises de variância e testes de qui-quadrado para analisar o impacto diferencial da situação dos cônjuges face ao emprego sobre o tempo dedicado ao trabalho doméstico e parental e a divisão das tarefas familiares. Os resultados mostram que o desemprego dos homens aumenta a sua participação somente nos dias de semana, enquanto o desemprego feminino restringe as mulheres às atividades domésticas, todo o tempo. Os padrões de género na repartição de tarefas também revelaram depender de forma significativa da situação profissional dos cônjuges.
Cet article analyse l'impact du chômage sur la division sexuelle du travail familial. Un échantillon de 643 couples employés à plein temps et 160 avec un partenaire chômeur a été considéré. Analyses de la variance et tests du chi carré ont été appliqués pour déterminer l'impact différentiel de la situation professionnelle sur le temps de travail domestique et parental et sur la division des tâches ménagères. Les résultats montrent que le chômage des hommes fait accroître leur participation au travail domestique seulement en semaine tandis que le chômage des femmes les contraint aux activités domestiques tout le temps. Les profils de genre des tâches se relient aussi, de manière significative, à la situation professionnelle des partenaires.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/41674
ISSN: 0874-5560
2184-0385
DOI: 10.22355/exaequo.2015.32.05
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUC- Artigos em Revistas Nacionais
I&D CES - Artigos em Revistas Nacionais

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