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Title: Le Parlement et le pouvoir religieux dans le Portugal du Moyen Âge
Authors: Coelho, Maria Helena da Cruz 
Issue Date: Nov-2007
Publisher: ICHRPI
Serial title, monograph or event: Parliaments, Estates & Representation
Issue: 27
Place of publication or event: Great Britain
Abstract: The medieval Portuguese clergy and nobility, particularly those of higher status, were the political and ideological support of the sovereign. as vassals of the kong they had been members of the curia regia from its beginnings. They naturally became part of the parliament when it was created in the thirteenth century. In these early assemblies the monarch consulted them about political issues of general interest, but the clergy and nobility were free to bring forward their own concerns. Maria Helena da Cruz coelho examines how the clergy complained to the kings D. Afonso IV (1325-57), D. Pedro (1357-67) and D. Fernando (1367-83). They insisted on defending their privileges, ecclesiastical rights and temporal power, presenting long lists of accusations mostly against the nobles and royal officials. but to give a wider perspective the author also studies the dissatisfaction that the people expressed in these assemblies about the clergy, charging them with oppression while both collecting taxes and rents and applying justice. The parliamentary discussions demonstrated clearly the social tensions of the times and allowed the king to judge and to rule in a more balanced way between the estates in order to exert his sovereign power in a pacified kingdom.
ISSN: 0260-6755
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FLUC Secção de História - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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