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|Title:||Stable and ultrastable heavy minerals of alluvial to nearshore marine sediments from Central Portugal: Facies related trends||Authors:||Dinis, Pedro A.
Soares, António F.
|Keywords:||Heavy mineral; Provenance; Hydraulic segregation||Issue Date:||2007||Citation:||Sedimentary Geology. 201:1-2 (2007) 1-20||Abstract:||The Pliocene to Pleistocene sedimentary record from the western Iberia Coastal Margin is a thin succession (maximum thickness around 70 m) derived from the metamorphic and igneous Variscan Iberian Massif and from older sedimentary deposits. It comprises a wide variety of facies representative of deposition in environments ranging from inner shelf to alluvial fan. The facies are stacked in an overall regressive sequence. This sequence may be divided into lower order sequences with thin transgressive portions (not always present) and thicker prograding portions. Given the limited burial diagenetic transformation, the differences in heavy mineral (HM) assemblage can be explained by provenance, hydraulic segregation and chemical and mechanical selection. Transparent heavy minerals susceptible to acid treatment were not considered in this heavy mineral analysis. After the acid treatment, the HM signal is relatively monotonous. Except for the mica-rich assemblages in alluvial facies fed from the Variscan Iberian massif by short streams, the HM assemblages are dominated by tourmaline, andalusite, zircon and staurolite. However, it is still possible to recognize two opposite trends in HM composition linked to facies evolution. The first trend is widespread along the coastal margin, although typical of the earlier deposits. It is characterized by a vertical increase in staurolite and andalusite proportions coincident with prograding and regressive facies evolution. Relative sediment starvation during retrogradation, when compared to progradation, favoured the recycling of previous deposits, leading to higher proportions of ultrastable minerals (tourmaline, zircon and rutile). Hydraulic segregation in the nearshore zone also contributes to increased zircon content in the very fine sand fraction. The second trend is observed in stratigraphically higher sediments, deposited when environments were displaced basinward. This trend is common in relatively uplifted western sectors of the coastal margin, where sand and gravel dominate the record. It is characterized by a vertical increase in the content of ultrastable minerals (mostly tourmaline and zircon) throughout the regressive sequence. It may be explained by alluvial storage and the recycling of previous nearshore and coastal plain facies. Recycling, favoured by relative sediment starvation or low accommodation conditions, plays a major role in these HM assemblages.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/10316/3932||Rights:||openAccess|
|Appears in Collections:||FCTUC Ciências da Terra - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais|
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