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Title: Citizen participation and discontent in three Southern European health systems
Authors: Serapioni, Mauro 
Matos, Ana Raquel 
Keywords: Europe; Health Care Reform; Humans; Policy Making; Community Participation; Delivery of Health Care; Public Opinion
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Serial title, monograph or event: Social Science & Medicine
Volume: 123
Abstract: Participation has featured in political agendas in recent decades and the domain of healthcare has not been indifferent to its appeal. Although emerging later than in other European regions, the involvement of civil society in healthcare decision-making procedures has proved one of the biggest challenges facing Southern European health systems. The health systems of the countries considered in this analysis - Italy, Portugal and Spain - underwent reforms that brought citizen participation to the forefront of the health system. Through national laws or health plans, each of these countries has recognised the need to promote participation in order to 'give a voice' to citizens in the health sector. Accordingly, a range of significant activities have been implemented in the region, although they have been developed unequally within national territories, at different paces and involving the mobilisation of different actors. This article focuses on the most relevant experiences of citizen participation designed and implemented in the three selected countries, describing their key features and potential, as well as the main critical issues and contradictions that have emerged over time. Particular emphasis is given to the impact of the current financial crisis on Southern European national health systems, especially in terms of participatory methods, the way in which citizen participation is progressing and civil society's reaction to these important changes.
ISSN: 0277-9536
DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.06.006
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CES - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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