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Title: Social Vulnerability Indexes as Planning Tools: Beyond the Preparedness Paradigm
Authors: Mendes, José Manuel 
Keywords: Social Vulnerability; social risks
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Serial title, monograph or event: Journal of Risk Research
Volume: 12
Issue: 1
Abstract: This article draws from the experience of the ongoing drafting of the Regional Plan of the Centre Region of Portugal, and the empirical application of the Social Vulnerability Index proposed by Susan Cutter. It consists in the construction of an index of social vulnerability to natural and technological hazards and to social risks for all the municipalities of the region. Methodologically, it extends the vulnerability analysis to technological hazards and social risks, as a more encompassing view is necessary for the elaboration of prevention and civil protection policies. The results confirm the interactive nature of social vulnerability, and they also reflect the diffuse urbanisation and industrialisation patterns that characterise Portugal. The scattered nature of social facilities and security and health infrastructures pose specific challenges to planners concerning risk prevention and mitigation, and the elaboration of effective risk communication strategies adapted to specific hazards and risks in the studied municipalities. The article concludes with some reflections on the need to revise established paradigms of disaster analysis and emphasise the importance of pre‐event planning and the social cartography of vulnerable populations for effective prevention and security policies that take into account social inequalities and citizenship rights.
DOI: 10.1080/13669870802447962
Rights: closedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUC- Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D CES - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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