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Title: Matrix Isolation FTIR Spectroscopic and Theoretical Study of Dimethyl Sulfite
Authors: Borba, Ana 
Gómez-Zavaglia, Andrea 
Simões, Pedro N. N. L. 
Fausto, Rui 
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2005
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 109:16 (2005) 3578-3586
Abstract: The preferred conformations of dimethyl sulfite and their vibrational spectra were studied by matrix-isolation Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and theoretical methods (density functional theory (DFT) and MollerPlesset (MP2), with basis sets of different sizes, including the quadruple-zeta, aug-cc-pVQZ basis). Five minima were found at these levels of theory. At the MP2/6-31++G(d,p) and DFT/B3LYP/aug-cc-pVQPZ levels, the GG conformer (where the OSOC dihedral angles are 73.2 and 70.8o) resulted in the conformational ground state. At the highest level of theory used, the GT conformer (OSOC = +68.5 and 173.2o) is 0.83 kJ mol-1 higher in energy than the GG form, while conformer GG` (OSOC = +85.7 and 85.7o) has a relative energy of 1.18 kJ mol-1. The remaining two conformers (G`T and TT) are high-energy forms and not experimentally relevant. In consonance with the theoretical predictions, conformer GG was found to be the most stable conformer in the gaseous phase as well as in the low-temperature matrices. Annealing of the argon matrices first promotes the GG`GT isomerization, which is followed by conversion of GT into the most stable conformer. There is no evidence of occurrence of GG`GG direct conversion in the low-temperature matrices. On the other hand, during deposition of the xenon matrices conformer GG` totally converts to conformer GT. Two observations demonstrated this fact: no evidence of bands corresponding to GG` were observed in xenon matrices and the GG/GT intensity ratio became similar to the GG/(GT + GG`) intensity ratio observed in argon matrices. All these results could be explained by taking into account the relative values of the theoretically predicted energy barriers for the different isomerization processes: GG`GT, 1.90 kJ mol-1; GTGG, 9.64 kJ mol-1; and GG`GG, 19.46 kJ mol-1
ISSN: 1089-5639
DOI: 10.1016/j.vibspec.2004.03.004
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Eng.Química - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
FCTUC Química - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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