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Title: Three-Dimensional Pulp Volume Analysis in Lip and Palate Cleft Population
Authors: Francisco, Inês 
Travassos, Raquel 
Marques, Filipa 
Ribeiro, Madalena Prata 
Rodrigues, Mariana 
Quaresma, Patrícia 
Caramelo, Francisco 
Marto, Carlos Miguel 
Paula, Anabela Baptista 
Nunes, Catarina 
Vale, Francisco 
Keywords: cleft palate; cone beam computed tomography; lip cleft; pulp canal; secondary dentin deposition; 3D images
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: MDPI
Serial title, monograph or event: Applied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume: 13
Issue: 6
Abstract: Aim: Cleft lip and palate (CLP) patients have a greater predisposition to tooth malformation, which could affect pulp volume. The aim of this study is to evaluate the dental pulp volume of central incisors in 3D images between individuals with and without CLP. Materials and Methods: This retrospective case-control study is single-centered and was recruited between January 2016 and October 2022. Ninety-four patients who were followed in the Institute of Orthodontics were evaluated and divided into two groups: a control group of patients without CLP and a test group of patients with CLP. The 3D data were imported by 3D image semi-automatic segmenting software named ITK-SNAP to calculate tooth pulp volume. Results: The dental pulp volume for both groups, control and CLP, did not show statistically significant differences. In the cleft group, when comparing the pulp volume between the cleft side and the non-cleft side, the cleft side showed a smaller volume. Regarding age and sex, no statistically significant differences were observed. Conclusions: Although there are no differences in mean pulp volume between patients with and without CLP, there is a pulp volume reduction in the teeth on the cleft side when compared to the unaffected contralateral side.
ISSN: 2076-3417
DOI: 10.3390/app13063728
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CIBB - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D ICBR - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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