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Title: Religious Differences and Imperial Pragmatism in a Polemical Arena: a Priviledged Law for Muslims, Hindus, and Jains in Diu (1557)
Authors: Paiva, José Pedro
Keywords: early modern Diu; religious pluralism; Portuguese Empire; Aleixo de Meneses; Francisco Barreto
Issue Date: Feb-2024
Publisher: Brill
Project: Centro de História da Sociedade e da Cultura 
Serial title, monograph or event: Asian Review of World Histories
Volume: 1
Issue: 12
Place of publication or event: Leiden: Boston
Abstract: In 1557 Francisco Barreto, the Portuguese governor of the State of India, issued a decree forbidding the destruction of temples and books belonging to the Gujarati Muslims, Hindus, and Jains of Diu and allowed them to practice their religion freely. This and other reforms introduced by the crown and the Goan archbishop created a special situation for Muslims and Hindus living in Diu, in contrast to the policies designed to establish monolithic confessionalism that the Portuguese authorities had been attempting to impose in most part of Asia since around 1540. This article aims to reconstruct and explain the specific nature of the religious policies pursued in Diu, adopting a holistic approach that compares them with devel- opments in other areas of Portuguese Asia. It will be argued that the policies adopted made Diu a multiconfessional city, one that accommodated interreligious encounters though it was less supportive of mobility between different religions. This was the out- come of pragmatism, an essential feature of the actions of the different Portuguese agents who intervened at different levels, creating dynamics in which the role of the native population was also decisive in shaping imperial societies.
Rights: embargoedAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CHSC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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