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Title: Total and regional bone mineral and tissue composition in female adolescent athletes: comparison between volleyball players and swimmers
Authors: Valente-dos-Santos, João 
Tavares, Óscar M. 
Duarte, João P. 
Sousa e Silva, Paulo M. 
Rama, Luis M. 
Casanova, José M. 
Fontes-Ribeiro, Carlos A. 
Marques, Elisa A.
Courteix, Daniel
Ronque, Enio R. V.
Cyrino, Edilson S.
Conde, Jorge 
Coelho-e-Silva, Manuel J. 
Keywords: DXA; Impact and non-impact loading sports; Exercise; Bone health; Body composition
Issue Date: 3-Jul-2018
Publisher: Springer Nature
Project: uid/dtp/04213/2016 
Serial title, monograph or event: BMC Pediatrics
Volume: 18
Issue: 1
Abstract: Background: Exploring the osteogenic effect of different bone-loading sports is particular relevant to understand the interaction between skeletal muscle and bone health during growth. This study aimed to compare total and regional bone and soft-tissue composition between female adolescent swimmers (n=20, 15.71±0.93 years) and volleyball players (n=26, 16.20±0.77 years). Methods: Dietary intake was obtained using food frequency questionnaires. Body size was given by stature, sitting height, and body mass. Six skinfolds were measured. Bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD), lean soft tissue, and fat tissue were assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficients were calculated to examine the relationships among variables, by type of sport. Comparisons between swimmers and volleyball players were performed using student t-tests for independent samples and multivariate analysis of covariance (controlling for age, training history and body size). Results: Swimmers (BMC: 2328±338 g) and volleyball players (BMC: 2656±470 g) exceeded respectively by 2.1 and 2.8 standard deviation scores the average of international standards for whole body BMC of healthy adolescents. Years of training in swimmers were positively related to the upper limbs BMC (r=+0.49, p<0.05). In volleyball players, years of training correlated significantly with lower limbs BMD (r=+0.43, p<0.05). After adjustments for potential confounders, moderate differences (ES-r=0.32) between swimmers and volleyball players were noted in BMD at the lower limbs (volleyball players: +0.098 g∙cm-2, +7.8%). Conclusions: Youth female athletes who participate in high-intensity weight-loading activities such as volleyball exhibit moderately higher levels of BMD at the lower limbs compared to non-loading sports such as swimming.
ISSN: 1471-2431
DOI: 10.1186/s12887-018-1182-z
Rights: openAccess
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