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Title: Enhanced Charge Transport and Incorporation of Redox Mediators in Layer-by-Layer Films Containing PAMAM-Encapsulated Gold Nanoparticles
Authors: Crespilho, Frank N. 
Zucolotto, Valtencir 
Brett, Christopher M. A. 
Oliveira, Osvaldo N. 
Nart, Francisco C. 
Issue Date: 7-Sep-2006
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: The Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 110:35 (2006) 17478-17483
Abstract: In this work, we exploit the molecular engineering capability of the layer-by-layer (LbL) method to immobilize layers of gold nanoparticles on indium tin oxide (ITO) substrates, which exhibit enhanced charge transfer and may incorporate mediating redox substances. Polyamidoamine (PAMAM generation 4) dendrimers were used as template/stabilizers for Au nanoparticle growth, with PAMAM-Au nanoparticles serving as cationic polyelectrolytes to produce LbL films with poly(vinylsulfonic acid) (PVS). The cyclic voltammetry (CV) of ITO-PVS/PAMAM-Au electrodes in sulfuric acid presented a redox pair attributed to Au surface oxide formation. The maximum kinetics adsorption is first-order, 95% of the current being achieved after only 5 min of adsorption. Electron hopping can be considered as the charge transport mechanism between the PVS/PAMAM-Au layers within the LbL films. This charge transport was faster than that for nonmodified electrodes, shown by employing hexacyanoferrate(III) as the surface reaction marker. Because the enhanced charge transport may be exploited in biosensors requiring redox mediators, we demonstrate the formation of Prussian blue (PB) around the Au nanoparticles as a proof of principle. PAMAM-Au@PB could be easily prepared by electrodeposition, following the ITO-PVS/ PAMAM-Au LbL film preparation procedure. Furthermore, the coverage of Au nanoparticles by PB may be controlled by monitoring the oxidation current.
ISSN: 1520-6106
DOI: 10.1021/jp062098v
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Química - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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