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Title: Strategic Assessment of Neighbourhood Environmental Impacts on Mental Health in the Lisbon Region (Portugal): A Strategic Focus and Assessment Framework at the Local Level
Authors: Loureiro, Adriana 
Partidário, Maria do Rosário
Santana, Paula 
Keywords: integrated assessment; strategic environmental assessment; health impact assessment; mental health; neighbourhood environment; Lisbon region
Issue Date: 2022
Project: PTDC/ATP-GEO/4101/2012 
FCT doctoral fellowship SFRH/BD/92369/2013 
Serial title, monograph or event: Sustainability (Switzerland)
Volume: 14
Issue: 3
Abstract: Scientific evidence shows that each place/environment generates specific conditions with associated impacts on the mental health and well-being of the population. A holistic, multilevel and integrated environmental approach to mental health enhances the understanding of this phenomena, supporting the local decision-making processes to improve spatial planning of neighbourhood environments. The aim of this study is to develop a strategic assessment framework, based on four municipalities in the Lisbon Region (Portugal), that explores policy and planning initiatives capable of generating favourable neighbourhood environmental conditions for mental health while also detecting risks. Using baseline results of significant statistical associations between individuals’ perceptions of their neighbourhood environment and their mental health in the Lisbon Region, a Strategic Focus on Environmental and Mental Health Assessment framework (SEmHA) was built, by applying the methodology “Strategic Thinking for Sustainability” in Strategic Environmental Assessment, developed by Partidário in 2012. Taking into account the promotion of the population’s mental health, four critical decision factors of neighbourhood environments were identified: (1) public space quality (e.g., improving sense of place), (2) physical environment quality (e.g., low levels of noise exposure), (3) professional qualification and creation of economic activities (e.g., attracting new economic activities), and (4) services and facilities (e.g., improving access to health and education services). The proposed strategic focus and assessment framework contributes to ensuring that interventions in neighbourhood environments truly achieve community mental health benefits and reduce inequalities, thus helping policy makers to assess impacts at the local level.
ISSN: 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su14031547
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CEGOT - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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