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Title: Exploratory Spatial Analysis of Social Vulnerability and Forest Fire Risk in the Pinhal Interior Sul (Central Portugal)
Authors: Farinha, Joana 
Cunha, Lúcio 
Dimuccio, Luca António 
Keywords: forest fires; social vulnerability; factorial analysis; rural and urban parishes; public policies
Issue Date: 2022
Project: UIDB/04084/2020 (CEGOT) 
Serial title, monograph or event: Sustainability (Switzerland)
Volume: 14
Issue: 5
Abstract: Mainland Portugal is a Mediterranean country, particularly known for the recurrence of forest fires in terms of burnt areas, losses, and damage. The central Portugal administrative area has been in a “stage” of prominence for this dangerous phenomenon, with the sub-region Pinhal Interior Sul being one of the most critical territories. In addition to the manifestation of the dangerous process itself, it is important to state the importance of vulnerability, which has been relatively ignored in the definition of public policies in terms of spatial planning. Vulnerability concerns the way people and their assets are exposed to forest fires (as they represent the main targets of their harmful consequences), as well as how they are affected by, resist, and recover from them. This paper investigates only one of the components of vulnerability—social vulnerability—in terms of demographic, cultural, socio-economic, and infrastructural conditions to establish a comparative analysis among the parishes of the sub-region Pinhal Interior Sul (in particular, between the more urban and rural ones in each municipality). In the studied area, the high values of social vulnerability reinforce the high hazard level. At the municipality level, it is possible to conclude that the population living in more markedly rural and peripheral parishes is more vulnerable to forest fires than those living in the more urban conditions.
ISSN: 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su14053010
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CEGOT - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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