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Title: Building back better: The COVID-19 pandemic and transport policy implications for a developing megacity
Authors: Hasselwander, Marc 
Tamagusko, Tiago 
Bigotte, João F. 
Ferreira, Adelino 
Mejia, Alvin
Ferranti, Emma J.S.
Keywords: COVID-19 response; Mobility behavior; Resilient transport systems; Social equity; Big data analysis; Longitudinal case study
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Project: PD/BD/143184/ 2019 
Serial title, monograph or event: Sustainable Cities and Society
Volume: 69
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected human mobility via lockdowns, social distancing rules, home quarantines, and the full or partial suspension of transportation. Evidence-based policy recommendations are urgently needed to ensure that transport systems have resilience to future pandemic outbreaks, particularly within Global South megacities where demand for public transport is high and reduced access can exacerbate socio-economic inequalities. This study focuses on Metro Manila – a characteristic megacity that experienced one of the most stringent lockdowns worldwide. It analyzes aggregated cell phone and GPS data from Google and Apple that provide a comprehensive representation of mobility behavior before and during the lockdown. While significant decreases are observed for all transport modes, public transport experienced the largest drop (− 74.5 %, on average). The study demonstrates that: (i) those most reliant on public transport were disproportionately affected by lockdowns; (ii) public transport was unable to fulfil its role as public service; and, (iii) this drove a paradigm shift towards active mobility. Moving forwards, in the short-term policymakers must promote active mobility and prioritize public transport to reduce unequal access to transport. Longer-term, policymakers must leverage the increased active transport to encourage modal shift via infrastructure investment, and better utilize big data to support decision-making.
ISSN: 22106707
DOI: 10.1016/j.scs.2021.102864
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Eng.Civil - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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