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Title: Complexes of Bifunctional DO3A-N-(α-amino)propinate Ligands with Mg(II), Ca(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), and Lanthanide(III) Ions: Thermodynamic Stability, Formation and Dissociation Kinetics, and Solution Dynamic NMR Studies
Authors: Garda, Zoltán
Kócs, Tamara
Bányai, István
Martins, José A. 
Kálmán, Ferenc Krisztián
Tóth, Imre
Geraldes, Carlos F. G. C. 
Tircsó, Gyula
Keywords: Bifunctional ligands (BFCs); Complexes; Dynamic NMR; Equilibrium; Formation and dissociation kinetics
Issue Date: 16-Aug-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Serial title, monograph or event: Molecules
Volume: 26
Issue: 16
Abstract: The thermodynamic, kinetic, and structural properties of Ln3+ complexes with the bifunctional DO3A-ACE4- ligand and its amide derivative DO3A-BACE4- (modelling the case where DO3A-ACE4- ligand binds to vector molecules) have been studied in order to confirm the usefulness of the corresponding Gd3+ complexes as relaxation labels of targeted MRI contrast agents. The stability constants of the Mg2+ and Ca2+ complexes of DO3A-ACE4- and DO3A-BACE4- complexes are lower than for DOTA4- and DO3A3-, while the Zn2+ and Cu2+ complexes have similar and higher stability than for DOTA4- and DO3A3- complexes. The stability constants of the Ln(DO3A-BACE)- complexes increase from Ce3+ to Gd3+ but remain practically constant for the late Ln3+ ions (represented by Yb3+). The stability constants of the Ln(DO3A-ACE)4- and Ln(DO3A-BACE)4- complexes are several orders of magnitude lower than those of the corresponding DOTA4- and DO3A3- complexes. The formation rate of Eu(DO3A-ACE)- is one order of magnitude slower than for Eu(DOTA)-, due to the presence of the protonated amine group, which destabilizes the protonated intermediate complex. This protonated group causes the Ln(DO3A-ACE)- complexes to dissociate several orders of magnitude faster than Ln(DOTA)- and its absence in the Ln(DO3A-BACE)- complexes results in inertness similar to Ln(DOTA)- (as judged by the rate constants of acid assisted dissociation). The 1H NMR spectra of the diamagnetic Y(DO3A-ACE)- and Y(DO3A-BACE)- reflect the slow dynamics at low temperatures of the intramolecular isomerization process between the SA pair of enantiomers, R-Λ(λλλλ) and S-Δ(δδδδ). The conformation of the Cα-substituted pendant arm is different in the two complexes, where the bulky substituent is further away from the macrocyclic ring in Y(DO3A-BACE)- than the amino group in Y(DO3A-ACE)- to minimize steric hindrance. The temperature dependence of the spectra reflects slower ring motions than pendant arms rearrangements in both complexes. Although losing some thermodynamic stability relative to Gd(DOTA)-, Gd(DO3A-BACE)- is still quite inert, indicating the usefulness of the bifunctional DO3A-ACE4- in the design of GBCAs and Ln3+-based tags for protein structural NMR analysis.
ISSN: 1420-3049
DOI: 10.3390/molecules26164956
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CQC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D ICNAS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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