Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/95656
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dc.contributor.authorFreire-Lista, David M.-
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-19T15:13:10Z-
dc.date.available2021-08-19T15:13:10Z-
dc.date.issued2021-
dc.identifier.issn2571-9408pt
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10316/95656-
dc.description.abstractHuman activity has required, since its origins, stones as raw material for carving, construction and rock art. The study, exploration, use and maintenance of building stones is a global phenomenon that has evolved from the first shelters, manufacture of lithic tools, to the construction of houses, infrastructures and monuments. Druids, philosophers, clergymen, quarrymen, master builders, naturalists, travelers, architects, archaeologists, physicists, chemists, curators, restorers, museologists, engineers and geologists, among other professionals, have worked with stones and they have produced the current knowledge in heritage stones. They are stones that have special significance in human culture. In this way, the connotation of heritage in stones has been acquired over the time. That is, the stones at the time of their historical use were simply stones used for a certain purpose. Therefore, the concept of heritage stone is broad, with cultural, historic, artistic, architectural, and scientific implications. A historical synthesis is presented of the main events that marked the use of stones from prehistory, through ancient history, medieval times, and to the modern period. In addition, the main authors who have written about stones are surveyed from Ancient Roman times to the middle of the twentieth century. Subtle properties of stones have been discovered and exploited by artists and artisans long before rigorous science took notice of them and explained them.pt
dc.language.isoengpt
dc.publisherMDPIpt
dc.relationUIDB/00073/2020pt
dc.relationCEECIND/03568/2017pt
dc.rightsopenAccesspt
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/pt
dc.subjectArcheologypt
dc.subjectGeologypt
dc.subjectFortificationpt
dc.subjectDurabilitypt
dc.subjectConservationpt
dc.subjectQuarriespt
dc.subjectRestorationpt
dc.subjectArchitecturept
dc.titleThe Forerunners on Heritage Stones Investigation: Historical Synthesis and Evolutionpt
dc.typearticle-
degois.publication.firstPage1228pt
degois.publication.lastPage1268pt
degois.publication.issue3pt
degois.publication.titleHeritagept
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://www.mdpi.com/2571-9408/4/3/68pt
dc.peerreviewedyespt
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/heritage4030068pt
degois.publication.volume4pt
dc.date.embargo2021-01-01*
uc.date.periodoEmbargo0pt
item.fulltextCom Texto completo-
item.languageiso639-1en-
item.grantfulltextopen-
Appears in Collections:I&D CGUC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
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This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons