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Title: Comparative study of microglia activation induced by amyloid-beta and prion peptides: Role in neurodegeneration
Authors: Garção, Pedro 
Oliveira, Catarina R. 
Agostinho, Paula 
Issue Date: 2006
Citation: Journal of Neuroscience Research. 84:1 (2006) 182-193
Abstract: The inflammatory responses in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and prion-related encephalopathies (PRE) are dominated by microglia activation. Several studies have reported that the amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptides, which are associated with AD, and the pathogenic isoform of prion protein (PrPSc) have a crucial role in neuronal death and gliosis that occur in both of these disorders. In this study, we investigate whether Abeta and PrPSc cause microglia activation per se and whether these amyloidogenic peptides differentially affect these immunoeffector cells. In addition, we also determined whether substances released by Abeta- and PrP-activated microglia induce neuronal death. Cultures of rat brain microglia cells were treated with the synthetic peptides Abeta1-40, Abeta1-42 and PrP106-126 for different time periods. The lipopolysaccharide was used as a positive control of microglia activation. Our results show that Abeta1-40 and PrP106-126 caused similar morphological changes in microglia and increased the production of nitric oxide and hydroperoxides. An increase on inducible nitric oxide synthase expression was also observed in microglia treated with Abeta1-40 or PrP106. However, these peptides affected in a different manner the secretion of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) secretion. In cocultures of microglia-neurons, it was observed that microglia treated with Abeta1-40 or PrP106-126 induced a comparable extent of neuronal death. The neutralizing antibody for IL-6 significantly reduced the neuronal death induced by Abeta- or PrP-activated microglia. Taken together, the data indicate that Abeta and PrP peptides caused microglia activation and differentially affected cytokine secretion. The IL-6 released by reactive microglia caused neuronal injury. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
DOI: 10.1002/jnr.20870
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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