Title: Clinical Change in Cognitive Distortions and Core Schemas After a Cognitive–Behavioral Group Intervention: Preliminary Findings from a Randomized Trial with Male Prison Inmates
Authors: Brazão, Nélio 
da Motta, Carolina 
Rijo, Daniel 
Salvador, Maria do Céu 
Pinto-Gouveia, José 
Ramos, João 
Keywords: Antisocial Behavior;Clinical Change;Cognitive Distortions;Core Schemas;Growing Pro-Social
Issue Date: 2015
Project: “GPS – Growing Pro-Social, a prevention and rehabilitation program for individuals with antisocial behavior: Efficacy studies in forensic samples” (PTDC/PSI-PCL/102165/2008) is supported by the Foundation for Science and Technology, and it is a partnership between the Research Unit of the Cognitive-Behavioral Research and Intervention Center and the General Directorship of Social Reinsertion and Prison Services of the Portuguese Ministry of Justice. 
This research has been supported by the first author, NB, PhD Grant (SFRH/BD/89283/2012), sponsored by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT), and the Operational Program for the Human Potential (POPH)/European Social Fund (SEE) 
Abstract: The goal of this pilot study was to assess the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral program in reducing cognitive distortions and schemas in prison inmates. The Angry Cognitions Scale and the Young Schema Questionnaire was answered by a treatment and control group, and the treatment effects were tested using ANCOVA with baseline as covariate and condition as fixed factor. In order to assess clinical change, the Reliable Change Index was computed. At baseline, no differences were found between groups, except for one subscale of the Angry Cognitions Scale (Maladaptive Processes), where controls scored higher than treatment subjects. ANCOVA showed significant differences between groups at post-treatment, with treatment subjects presenting lower scores on the studied variables. Concerning clinical change, differences between groups were observed in the distributions by change categories in the majority of the variables. These outcomes offer preliminary evidence of the program’s ability to change cognitive variables underlying antisocial behavior.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/46697
ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI: 10.1007/s10608-015-9693-5
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FPCEUC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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