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Title: The anterior versus posterior hippocampal oscillations debate in human spatial navigation: evidence from an electrocorticographic case study
Authors: Duarte, Isabel C. 
Castelhano, João 
Sales, Francisco 
Castelo-Branco, Miguel 
Keywords: delta; hippocampus; electrocorticography; theta; oscillations
Issue Date: 27-Jun-2016
Publisher: Wiley Online Library
Project: CENTRO-07-ST24-FEDER-00205 
Bial 132/133 
Serial title, monograph or event: Brain and Behavior
Volume: 6
Issue: 9
Abstract: Hippocampal oscillations have been regularly described as playing a dominant role in spatial memory and navigation in rodents. In humans, the relative role of anterior versus posterior rhythms during navigational memory is not established.Here, we tested this hypothesis using direct brain ECoG recordings in the anterior and posterior hippocampus of a patient, in a navigational task requiring spatial memory. We assessed multiple oscillatory bands during encoding and retrieval phases. We found navigation related 1–3.5 Hz activity during retrieval, both in the anterior and posterior hippocampus. Activity between 4 and 8 Hz was identified during both encoding and retrieval, only in the anterior hippocampus. Our findings are consistent with the view that an anterior/posterior functional gradient is present in the hippocampus, and involves two distinct neuronal networks, supporting either encoding or retrieval processes. Although this is a single case scenario, these findings suggest that neural oscillations during spatial navigation do vary across hippocampal subregions, as a function of encoding versus retrieval processes during the mnemonic process. In this single case study, the results point to the presence of a dual involvement of multiple frequency bands across hippocampal subregions during encoding and retrieval. Although these results need generalization, they provide a new perspective on distinct physiological properties of the anterior and posterior hippocampus in human spatial navigation during encoding and retrieval.
ISSN: 2162-3279
DOI: 10.1002/brb3.507
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D ICNAS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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