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Title: The importance of lizards and small mammals as reservoirs for Borrelia lusitaniae in Portugal
Authors: Norte, A. C. 
Silva, A. Alves da 
Alves, J. 
Silva, L. P. da 
Núncio, M. S. 
Escudero, R. 
Anda, P. 
Ramos, J. A. 
Carvalho, I. Lopes de 
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Citation: NORTE, A. C. [et. al] - The importance of lizards and small mammals as reservoirs for Borrelia lusitaniae in Portugal. "Environmental Microbiology Reports". ISSN 1758-2229. (2014)
Serial title, monograph or event: Environmental Microbiology Reports
Abstract: Borrelia lusitaniae is a pathogen frequent in the Mediterranean area. Apart from lizards, evidence for birds and small mammals as competent reservoirs for this genospecies has been occasional. We collected questing ticks, skin biopsies and Ixodes sp. ticks feeding on lizards, birds and small mammals in a B. burgdorferi s.l. enzootic area to assess their importance in the maintenance of B. lusitaniae. B. lusitaniae was the most prevalent genospecies in questing ticks and was commonly found in larvae feeding on Psammodromus algirus. One biopsy infected with B. lusitaniae was collected from the tail of one Podarcis hispanica, which suggests systemic infection. I. ricinus larvae feeding on Apodemus sylvaticus were infected with B. lusitaniae but with a lower prevalence. Our results reinforce the importance of lizards as reservoirs for B. lusitaniae, suggesting that P. algirus, in particular, acts as main reservoir for B. lusitaniae in Portugal.
ISSN: 1758-2229
DOI: 10.1111/1758-2229.12218
Rights: embargoedAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CFE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D MARE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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