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Title: Pre-diabetes alters testicular PGC1-α/SIRT3 axis modulating mitochondrial bioenergetics and oxidative stress
Authors: Rato, Luis 
Duarte, Ana I. 
Tomás, Gonçalo D. 
Santos, M. S. 
Moreira, Paula I. 
Socorro, Silvia 
Cavaco, José E. 
Alves, Marco G. 
Oliveira, Pedro F. 
Keywords: High-energy diet; Mitochondria; PGC-1α/Sirt3 axis; Pre-diabetes; Testicular bioenergetics
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Serial title, monograph or event: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Volume: 1837
Issue: 3
Abstract: Pre-diabetes, a risk factor for type 2 diabetes development, leads to metabolic changes at testicular level. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α(PGC-1α) and Sirtuin 3 (Sirt3) are pivotal inmitochondrial function. We hypothesized that pre-diabetes disrupts testicular PGC-1α/Sirt3 axis, compromising testicular mitochondrial function. Using a high-energy-diet induced pre-diabetic rat model, we evaluated testicular levels of PGC-1α and its downstream targets, nuclear respiratory factors 1 (NRF-1) and 2 (NRF-2),mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) and Sirt3.We also assessedmitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content, mitochondrial function, energy levels and oxidative stress parameters. Protein levels were quantified by Western Blot, mtDNA contentwas determined by qPCR.Mitochondrial complex activity and oxidative stress parameterswere spectrophotometrically evaluated. Adenine nucleotide levels, adenosine and its metabolites (inosine and hypoxanthine) were determined by reverse-phase HPLC. Pre-diabetic rats showed increased blood glucose levels and impaired glucose tolerance. Both testicular PGC-1α and Sirt3 levels were decreased. NRF-1, NRF-2 and TFAM were not altered. Testicular mtDNA content was decreased. Mitochondrial complex I activity was increased, whereas mitochondrial complex III activity was decreased. Adenylate energy charge was decreased in pre-diabetic rats, as were ATP and ADP levels. Conversely, AMP levels were increased, evidencing a decreased ATP/AMP ratio. Concerning to oxidative stress pre-diabetes decreased testicular antioxidant capacity and increased lipid and protein oxidation. In sum, pre-diabetes compromises testicular mitochondrial function by repressing PGC-1α/Sirt3 axis and mtDNA copy number, declining respiratory capacity and increasing oxidative stress. This study gives newinsights into overall testicular bioenergetics at this prodromal stage of disease.
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2013.12.008
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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