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Title: Ecological and morphological features of Amyloodinium ocellatum occurrences in cultivated gilthead seabream Sparus aurata L.; A case study
Authors: Pereira, J. C. 
Abrantes, I. 
Martins, I. 
Barata, J. 
Frias, P. 
Pereira, I. 
Keywords: Amyloodinium ocellatum; Environmental variables; Life cycle; Aquaculture
Issue Date: Jan-2011
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: PEREIRA, J. C. [et al.] - Ecological and morphological features of Amyloodinium ocellatum occurrences in cultivated gilthead seabream Sparus aurata L.; A case study. "Aquaculture". ISSN 0044-8486. Vol. 310 (2011) p. 289-297
Serial title, monograph or event: Aquaculture
Volume: 310
Issue: 3-4
Abstract: Understanding the patterns of occurrence of the ectoparasite Amyloodinium ocellatum and the conditions that result in its maintenance at non-dangerous levels for gilthead seabream Sparus aurata could be very useful, since outbreaks of heavy infestation by this parasitic dinoflagellate can cause severe mortality in temperate aquaculture. We have evaluated the interactions between A. ocellatum and related environmental variables for the first time. Biotic and abiotic parameters of water quality in production ponds from a temperate aquaculture (Sado Estuary, Portugal) were monitored and subsequently analysed. Dissolved oxygen, water temperature, pH, phytoplankton biomass and salinity were closely related to A. ocellatum occurrences; dissolved oxygen, water temperature, pH and phytoplankton biomass had significant negative relationships with A. ocellatum trophonts, while salinity had a significant positive relationship with A. ocellatum trophonts in fish gills. Phytoplankton biomass was significantly correlated with increases of dissolved oxygen in production ponds. An increase of rate of water renewal increased salinity, due to persistence of low water levels in production ponds during the water renewal procedure. Salinity negatively affected phytoplankton biomass and consequently the level of dissolved oxygen, raising the probability of A. ocellatum occurrences. Fish biomass in production ponds was correlated with the average and the maximum number of trophonts found in fish gills, highlighting the importance of defining stocking levels and production values in ponds. The present results help to improve understanding of the interactions between biotic and abiotic variables, fish farm management practices and parasite incidence in temperate terrestrial pond aquaculture. A morphological feature of the A. ocellatum tomonts cells in division phase, collected from the most infected fish gills, is discussed. We also give a description and illustration of the phases of the A. ocellatum life cycle.
ISSN: 0044-8486
DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2010.11.011
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D MARE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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