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Title: Effects of aerobic and strength-based training on metabolic health indicators in older adults
Authors: Martins, Raul A. 
Cumming, Sean P. 
Silva, Manuel João Coelho e 
Teixeira, Ana Maria 
Veríssimo, Manuel T. 
Keywords: cardiovascular system; older adults; functional fitness
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: BioMed Central
Citation: Lipids in Health and Disease. 9:76 (2010) [1-6]
Abstract: Background: The weakening of the cardiovascular system associated with aging could be countered by increasing levels of physical activity and functional fitness. However, inconsistent findings have been found, and the variety of characteristics of exercise used in previous studies may partly explain that inconsistent results. Objective: To investigate the training effect of sixteen weeks of moderate intensity, progressive aerobic and strengthbased training on metabolic health of older women and men. Methods: Sixty three sedentary individuals (mean (SD) age 76 (8) years) were randomly assigned to control (n = 31) or exercising (n = 32) groups. The training group was separated to aerobic (n = 18) or strength-based (n = 14). Training took place three times a week. Subjects agreed not to change their diet or lifestyle over the experimental period. Results: Exercising group attained after treatment significant differences on body weight, waist circumference, body mass index, diastolic blood pressure, triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, total cholesterol/ HDL-cholesterol relationship, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, and 6-minute walk distance. The control group only had significant differences on waist circumference. Conclusion: The training programs produced significant benefits on metabolic health indicators of sedentary older women and men.
ISSN: 1476-511X
DOI: 10.1186/1476-511x-9-76
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCDEF - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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