Title: Perfectionism and sleep disturbance
Authors: Azevedo, Maria Helena Pinto de 
Soares, Maria João 
Bos, Sandra Carvalho 
Gomes, Ana Allen 
Maia, Berta 
Marques, Mariana 
Pereira, Ana Telma 
Macedo, António 
Keywords: Self-oriented perfectionism;Socially prescribed perfectionism;Other-oriented perfectionism;Sleep disturbance;University students
Issue Date: Aug-2009
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Citation: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry. 10:3 (2009) 225-233
Abstract: The main purpose of the present research was to explore gender-related associations between sleep disturbance and perfectionism dimensions in a large sample of undergraduate students. Perfectionism dimensions have been assessed using the Portuguese version of the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (Hewitt and Flett, 1991, J Pers Soc Psychol 60:456; Soares et al., 2003, Rev Port Psicossom 5:46) and sleep disturbance with two items concerning difficulties initiating sleep and difficulties maintaining sleep. A total of 1163 undergraduate students of both genders between 17 and 25 years of age completed the scale. Results from correlational and categorial analyses indicated that socially prescribed perfectionism was the only dimension associated with sleep disturbance in undergraduate students of both genders. Males with the highest levels of socially prescribed perfectionism were approximately twice more likely to report sleep disturbances than those with less socially prescribed perfectionism. Similar results were found within the female sample. Implications for future research and clinical practice are discussed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/11143
ISSN: 1562-2975
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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