Title: Assessment of Pesticide Residues in Honey Samples from Portugal and Spain
Authors: Blasco, Cristina 
Fernández, Mónica 
Pena, Angelina 
Lino, Celeste 
Silveira, Mª Irene 
Font, Guillermina 
Picó, Yolanda 
Issue Date: 31-Dec-2003
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 51:27 (2003) 8132-8138
Abstract: Fifty samples of honey collected from local markets of Portugal and Spain during year 2002 were analyzed for 42 organochlorine, carbamate, and organophosphorus pesticide residues. An analytical procedure based on solid-phase extraction with octadecyl sorbent followed by gas chromatography−mass spectrometry (GC−MS), for organochlorines, and by liquid chromatography−atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-mass spectrometry (LC−APCI-MS), for organophosphorus and carbamates, has been developed. Recoveries of spiked samples ranged from 73 to 98%, except for dimethoate (40%), with relative standard deviations from 3 to16% in terms of repeatability, and from 6 to 19% in terms of reproducibility. Limits of quantification were from 0.003 to 0.1 mg kg-1. Most of the pesticides found in honey were organochlorines. Among them, γ-HCH was the most frequently detected in 50% of the samples, followed by HCB in 32% of the samples and the other isomers of HCH (α-HCH and β-HCH) in 28 and 26% of the samples, respectively. Residues of DDT and their metabolites were detected in 20% of the samples. Of the studied carbamates, both methiocarb and carbofuran were detected in 10% of the samples, pirimicarb in 4% and carbaryl in 2%. The only organophosphorus pesticides found were heptenophos in 16%, methidathion in 4%, and parathion methyl in 2% of honey samples. Results indicate that Portuguese honeys were more contaminated than Spanish ones. However, honey consumers of both countries should not be concerned about the amounts of pesticide residues found in honeys available on the market.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/10589
ISSN: 0021-8561
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FFUC- Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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